American Art 19th century
A general category for artworks made in the usa between 1800 and 1900. While until 1820 United states art was mainly derivative of European designs, Thomas Cole and the Hudson River School would develop an exceptional design of artwork that highlighted the American landscape, an interest which was later on explored and imbued with nationalist motifs by Albert Bierstadt during his travels through the American western. The realism of Thomas Eakins and Winslow Homer sought to mention democratic values with subtly heroic photos of US life; Albert Pinkham Ryder and Henry Ossawa Tanner, on the other hand, were less nationalistic, often imbuing Biblical subject matter with a mystical high quality within their Symbolist style. Mary Cassatt and John Singer Sargent, both known for their personal late-19th-century portraits, painted society topics on both sides associated with Atlantic. During the same time, Timothy O’Sullivan developed special styles of documentary and landscape photography, while socially inspired Jacob Riis taught his lens on new york tenement life. In design, the revivalist styles of Neoclassicism and Neo-Gothic were utilized inside building of monuments in the early half of the century, although the latter saw the development of manufacturing processes for creating skyscrapers, such as through the Chicago School.