Orphism, also called Simultaneism, in the visual arts, a trend in abstract art spearheaded by that derived from and gave priority to light and color. The movement’s name had been created in 1912 by the French poet .
Apollinaire regarded the colourful Cubist-inspired paintings of Delaunay while initiating an innovative new style that brought musical qualities to . He named this style Orphism in reference to , the celebrated poet and singer of old , who had been a popular logo for the perfect, mystically prompted singer. Other painters involved in this style included Robert’s partner , , , , Jean Metzinger, and .
The correlation between colour and music had been a thought that interested many music artists at that time. music artists and article writers saw analogies between music tones and artistic colors. The painter had begun to associate music using the abstract aspects of their art, and he talked about the contacts inside the guide Über das Geistige in der Kunst (1912; ).
Orphist painters were contemplating the geometric fragmentation of , but—unlike the Cubists, who eliminated just about all colour from their particular paintings, and instead like the —they considered colour to-be a robust aesthetic factor. One of several resources that motivated and Orphist experiments with integrating colour and Cubism was De la loi du contraste simultané des couleurs (1839; The concepts of Harmony and Contrast of Colours and Their particular programs towards Arts) by the chemist . The artist had used those theories in figurative and landscape compositions during 1880s, nevertheless Orphist design used all of them in an abstract means, exploring the aftereffects of colour and light if they are not bound to an object. In his painting Simultaneous structure: Sun Disks (1912–13), as an example, Robert Delaunay painted superimposed groups of color that have a feeling of rhythm and action that may be considered analogous to songs equilibrium.
, a Czech just who lived-in Paris, ended up being a strong proponent of Orphism. In 1912 he exhibited their abstract artwork Disks of Newton (learn for Fugue in 2 tints) (1912). Kupka’s vibrating colour orchestrations from the fabric had been designed to unite artistic and music a few ideas. Their name relates both to songs and to 17th-century physicist , whom first comprehended the relationship of light to color as well as the formation of a .
Orphist works had been first exhibited on in 1913, however it was at the 1914 Salon that Orphism took center phase. At that Salon exhibited Electric Prisms (1914), an abstract painting that exemplified Orphism with its mixture of Cubist geometry, Fauvist bold color, and appearance of motion.
The Orphist canvases of this Delaunays and Kupka deeply impressed the musicians , , and , which visited the Delaunays’ Paris studio in 1912; that exposure had a definitive impact on their particular subsequent work. Orphism additionally inspired the development of Cubism in Germany.