Still Life Checked Tablecloth

Juan Gris Synthetic Cubism

JUAN GRIS (1887-1927)
'Still lifestyle with Violin and Glass', 1915 (oil on fabric)

Cubism was 1st abstract talent therefore the many revolutionary art motion regarding the twentieth century. It had been originally conceived and developed in France by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque around 1907, but other musicians and artists soon adopted the design. The Spanish musician Juan Gris (his real name was José Victoriano González-Pérez), a pal and neighbour of Picasso in Paris, ended up being the very best of these in which he refined the cubist vocabulary into his own instantly recognizable visual language. He's also known as 'the third cubist'.

Cubist Still Life

JUAN GRIS (1887-1927)
'Still Life with Open Window, Rue Ravignan', 1915 (oil on canvas)

Still life had been the most famous regarding the cubist themes since it permitted music artists to utilize every day items whose kinds were still familiar when they had been simplified and stylized. 'Still Life with Open Window, Rue Ravignan' is a good exemplory case of Gris' cubist design. It includes some of the old-fashioned things commonly associated with still-life: a bowl of fresh fruit, a bottle and a glass, a newspaper and a book, all carefully organized on a table top at a balcony window. The things tend to be lit by electric light which contrasts utilizing the moonlit scene outside of the window. The subject might have been clichéd and predictable but its arrangement was innovative.

Juan Gris was more calculating than just about any various other Cubist painter in the manner he composed his images. Every part of a painting was considered with traditional precision: line, form, tone, colour and design had been very carefully refined to generate an interlocking arrangement without any unnecessary decoration or detail.

Gris flattens the structure of 'Still Life with Open Window, Rue Ravignan' into a grid of overlapping airplanes. Inside the framework for this grid, he delicately balances and counterbalances different areas of the task. Areas change from light to dark, good to bad, monochrome to colour, transparency to opacity, and from lamplight within the area to moonlight outside. The relationships of these juxtaposed elements leave united states with a sense of the still-life team in its environments - the sort of fragmented feeling that our memory would keep had we seen all of them for ourselves.

An alternative way of Witnessing

JUAN GRIS (1887-1927)
'Still Life with Pears and Grapes on a dining table', 1913 (oil on canvas)

Before Cubism, all art obeyed the convention of point of view. It was the strategy that designers had utilized because the Renaissance to arrange objects in room. But viewpoint only works in one fixed standpoint plus the Cubists believed that it was a limited visualization technique which didn't reflect the way in which we see the world. Their particular aim was to develop an alternative way of seeing which reflected the complexity regarding the modern day. In Cubist artwork artists depict real things, but not from a fixed view as in point of view. They incorporate various viewpoints of a subject into the one image. The complete idea of room is rearranged – the leading, back and edges of topic become compatible elements. Cubist photos combine the artist’s observation with regards to memory associated with the subject to produce a poetic evocation of the theme.

Juan Gris' 'Still Life with Open Window, Rue Ravignan' is a classic illustration of the style containing most of the aesthetic qualities of the Cubist technique.


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