Art of Expressionism
DEVELOPMENT OF VISUAL ART
Perhaps the earliest exemplar of German Expressionism ended up being the intense German spiritual artist Matthias Grunewald (1475-1528). Some 350 many years later, Vincent Van Gogh became an important influence on very early expressionists. Edvard Munch (1863-1944), top known Norwegian and Scandinavian painter was another forerunner, whoever photographs (like those of Van Gogh) chart his psychological drop. Witness their famous oil, tempera and pastel artwork The Scream (c.1893) using its hollow skull-like face, formless background and lurid colours.
Another forerunner had been the Worpswede Group, a music artists' colony formed in 1889, a-year before Van Gogh's tragic demise. Named after a village in Lower Saxony in North Germany, it included the painters Fritz Mackensen, Otto Modersohn and Hans in the morning Ende. Worpswede artwork was initially carried out inside plein-air style, just like the French communes at Barbizon, Concarneau and Pont-Aven, but rapidly obtained a far more contemporary expressionist edge. Later, the group broadened to incorporate Carl Vinnen, Fritz Overbeck and Heinrich Vogeler. The leading Worpswede singer was Paula Modersohn-Becker, the pioneer Expressionist, a part from 1898 until the woman demise nine many years later on.
Affected by Van Gogh, Edvard Munch, Fauvism- the Post-Impressionist colourist school led by Henri Matisse (1869-1954) - in addition to emotive wood carving of this sculptor Ernst Barlach (1870-1938), German Expressionism created remarkable, powerful portrayals of views and people. The movement's three main groups had been Der Blaue Reiter, Die Brucke, and Die Neue Sachlichkeit (brand new Objectivity).