Characteristics of German Expressionism
“A small teasing is alright but bear in mind she’s a predator.”
The Blue Angel (Der Blaue Engel) is one of Germany’s most critical movies. It's reportedly the initial German sound film and when it had been made the filmmakers at the same time made a (better) German language variation and an English language variation. It was made towards end of the Weimar Republic period (1919-1933) possesses most traits of German Expressionism, a method that dominated the age, in particular the dream, horror and science-fiction films. But most significantly, The Blue Angel ended up being the very first film that director Josef von Sternberg worked on with Marlene Dietrich. Their particular pairing is still regarded as the in history great director/actor collaborations in movie history. Collectively they developed Dietrich’s unique celebrity image, an assortment of masculinity and femininity, sensuality and stylised camp.
The Weimar Republic is the name given to the democratic and republican duration in Germany between the post-World War we German Revolution in 1919 therefore the Nazi increase to energy in 1933. The commercial difficulty as well as reasonable morale regarding the period ended up being shown into the German Expressionist art activity. In cinematic terms this led to a strikingly stylistic using shadows, shards of light and angular design that represented the planet as a dark and alienating location that had the power to give you insane. The Blue Angel catches the sinister undercurrents of German Expressionism. The orifice chance of the film throughout the dramatically angled rooftops is classic German Expressionism because are the numerous shots of roads and buildings. The scene where the shadow of this school bullies leer on the resting figure of these target might have come straight-out of an Expressionist scary classic like the Cabinet of Dr. Caligari (Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari, Robert Wiene, 1920) or Nosferatu (F.W. Murnau, 1922).
However the Weimar Republic has also been a time period of great social revival and innovation. Jazz, modern-day art, the Bauhaus college of design, and theatre thrived additionally the age in addition saw the rise regarding the cabaret, more relaxed attitudes to sex and a diploma of emancipation for females. The Blue Angel club, from which the movie derives its subject, may be the environment inside the movie for this facet of Weimar Republic life. Its somewhere of intercourse, seduction, voyeurism, drinking and international otherness within the guise of unique music as well as a bear that appears in a single scene being led through the switching area. But naturally, the most important aspect of The Blue Angel club’s crazy seductiveness is Lola Lola played by Marlene Dietrich inside her breakthrough role.
Lola Lola and Professor Immanuel Rath (played by silent movie veteran Emil Jannings) represent the classic dichotomy regarding the seductive feminine as well as the hapless male. Its a layout that had been explored the previous year in another classic Weimar Republic film Pandora’s container (Die Büchse der Pandora, Georg Wilhelm Pabst, 1929) nonetheless it dates back to biblical, traditional and oriental mythology. The vampish girl (Lola Lola) is a force of powerful sex, that will be lined up using lethal causes of nature (her pet print costumes and also the exoticness for the Blue Angel club) and otherness. Professor Immanuel Rath may be the lonely and sympathetic male aligned with civilisation (he's a respected teacher) just who falls victim to her wild womanliness. Although by today’s criteria the symbolism is unacceptable, the scene in which Rath wakes with a black doll represents the dark and mystical foreignness of Lola Lola this is certainly alluring however eventually dangerous and unattainable. Dietrich’s portrayal of Lola Lola will be incredibly influential when you look at the creation of the femme fatale personae that dominated the Hollywood film noir pattern of movies.
The key to the strange energy wielded by Lola Lola is because of the extraordinary sexuality that Sternberg gives to Dietrich. Lola Lola’s shows are an assortment of stylised seduction but are additionally extremely camp. She symbolizes both masculine and feminine traits in how she dresses, techniques and speaks. She may sit on stage wearing frilly underwear and look lovingly up at Rath, but she is additionally putting on a top hat and crosses her legs like guy. She moves effortlessly from becoming a passive item of desire to a sexually confident aggressor, and is occasionally both at the same time.