German Expressionism The Graphic Impulse
From E. L. Kirchner to Max Beckmann, musicians connected with German Expressionism during the early years of this twentieth-century took up printmaking with a collective commitment and fervor practically unrivaled into the reputation for art. The woodcut, using its coarse gouges and jagged outlines, is called the preeminent Expressionist medium, nevertheless Expressionists additionally revolutionized the mediums of etching and lithography to alternatively vibrant and stark result. This exhibition, featuring approximately 250 functions some thirty designers, is attracted from MoMA’s outstanding holdings of German Expressionist prints, improved by chosen drawings, paintings, and sculptures from collection. The visual impulse is traced from formation associated with the Brücke musicians and artists group in 1905, through the war many years of the 1910s, and extending to the 1920s, when individual designers proceeded to make persuasive work whilst the motion was winding down.
The event takes an extensive view of Expressionism, highlighting a diverse variety of individuals—from Oskar Kokoschka and Vasily Kandinsky to Erich Heckel and Emil Nolde—who however shared aesthetic and thematic issues. Their works reflect a period of intense personal and visual transformation, and lots of motifs of continuing resonance emerge. These generally include a focus on urban knowledge, an uncompromising method of the human body and sexuality, and an abiding preoccupation with nature, religion, and spirituality. Most pivotal for those many years, but had been the knowledge of World War I. The war as well as its aftermath are the topic of works by a variety of performers, including Otto Dix, whose variety of fifty searing etchings, The War, had been centered on his own service in trenches; Käthe Kollwitz, in a portfolio of seven woodcuts emphasizing the devastation felt by the people left; and Max Beckmann, whose lithographic series, Hell (1919), confronts the assault and decadence in Berlin through the immediate postwar duration.
And a publication and a significant website on German Expressionism, the exhibition will mark the culmination of an important four-year grant through the Annenberg Foundation to digitize, catalogue, and save all the more or less three thousand Expressionist works on paper inside Museum’s collection.
Starr Figura, 2011
Hardcover, 288 pages
Organized by Starr Figura, The Phyllis Ann and Walter Borten connect Curator of Prints and Illustrated Books.
The event is created possible because of the Annenberg Foundation’s GRoW project, together with its substantial assistance of Museum’s German Expressionist Digital Archive Project.
Additional assistance is supplied by David Teiger by The Museum of Modern Art’s Research and Scholarly Publications endowment set up through the generosity associated with Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, the Edward John Noble Foundation, Mr. and Mrs. Perry R. Bass, therefore the nationwide Endowment when it comes to Humanities’ Challenge give plan.