Nosferatu German Expressionism
as Friederich Wilhelm Plumpe
passed away March 11, 1931, Hollywood
Murnau had two brothers and two stepsisters. His mother, Otilie was the 2nd spouse of their father Heinrich Plumpe. The household made their property in Westfalia, a tiny village in north west Germany. It is known that Murnau ended up being well-read as a young child. He was already acquainted Shakespeare, Nietzche, and Ibsen before he had been 12. He additionally fond of putting on plays to amuse his next-door neighbors.
Obviously on a course towards a teaching career, he studied Philology and soon after Art background at Universities of Berlin and Heidelberg correspondingly. One of his true first influences had been the German theater manager maximum Reinhart. Reinhart had been so impressed with youthful Murnau that he welcomed him to their drama school.
He saw a lot of energetic duty in World War I including organization leader on east front and a stint in German Air Force. He survived numerous crashes and an internment in Switzerland in which he had been in a position to keep himself creatively occupied with tiny productions. The wartime in addition allowed him to flex their movie making muscle tissue with propaganda films.
By 1919, the war ended up being over and Murnau switched his interest back again to remarkable works. Their first couple of movies included Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1920, based on the Robert Lewis Stevenson book) as well as the Haunted Castle (1921). Although he had been beginning to explore Expressionism within these very early movies it absolutely was maybe not before the 1922 Nosferatu he made his artistic breakthrough.
Nosferatu was not a sudden success due partly to copyright issues plus the currently tough financial times dealing with Prana-films. Despite all this, Nosferatu was a masterpiece of Expressionist artwork . Their use of superimposed photos, unfavorable pictures, plus the oddly angled castle structure in Nosferatu put the stage for the even more dreamlike photos within the last few Laugh (1924). It had been this film that eventually got the interest regarding the very early Hollywood film moguls such as for example William Fox. He stayed in Germany for a few even more many years to make Tartuffe in 1925 and Faust in 1926.
Eventually Murnau was provided a four-year contract in Hollywood which saw the production of Sunrise in 1927, Four Devils in 1928 and City Girl in 1930. Sunrise yielded several Academy Awards including Cinematography, ideal Actress (Janet Gaynor), and "Extraordinary and Artistic Picture."