William Jacob Hays: Bouquet of

American Paintings 19th century

The advancement of styles in 19th-century US art captured the introduction of the nation itself—from young, outlying republic to international superpower. Influenced by the Romantics, Thomas Cole and Hudson River School (the first homegrown US movement) celebrated nature and expanse in dramatic fashion inside early-mid century, their canvases an expression of American pride. Watercolor in addition attained brand-new currency among really serious painters, becoming a method that would thrive within the last few quarter regarding the century. By the 1860s and after the devastating Civil War, painters like Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins highlighted the dark and austere realism of daily moments inside their work, responding and to the dominant form of European academies. This tradition of emulation continued into the 1870s and '80s because of the United states Impressionists, working outdoors to make hazy landscapes with wide brushwork. Also, Tonalism—a progressive action of transcendentalists—treated nature expressively, even mysteriously, with a spiritual underpinning. At close of century, music artists brilliantly presented the wide range and opulence of turn-of-the-century Gilded Age society, though they never ever entirely strayed from classically US outside scenes. From richly textured portraits of John Singer Sargent and stylized topics of James Abbott McNeill Whistler, to Homer’s windswept landscapes, American art presented both elegance and vast and fruitful US landscape.


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